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Episode 37A Minicast: The Women of Oz

Posted 22 March 2013 by
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During our full length Oz episode we talked about several women who were associated with Oz the stories: Dorothy, Ozma, the witches, Maud Gage Baum and others. We didn’t talk about the women associated with the 1939 MGM classic, The Wizard of Oz: Judy Garland, Billie Burke and Margaret Hamilton. Consider them now covered in this chat about the lives of the three female lead actresses from that timeless musical.

Margaret Hamilton, Judy Garland and Billie Burke circa 1939

Judy Garland

Francis Ethel Gumm was born on June 10, 1922 in Grand Rapids, Minnesota to Francis and Ethel Gumm. What her parents lacked in creative baby naming, they made up for in show business savvy and soon “Baby” was performing with her two older sisters on the vaudeville stage run by her parents. A dalliance of Papa forced the family to move to California four years after her birth where they opened another vaudeville theater and Mama set to making her darlings stars.

The Gumm Sisters

The girls studied singing, dancing, acting and went on tour with their mother managing them. There are conflicting stories about how they changed their name to Garland- but the Garland sisters they became for one year…until the trio broke up when older sister Suzy eloped.

Francis, now called Judy,became a solo act and at 13 signed with MGM. They didn’t know exactly how to cast her- too old for little girl roles, not sexy or skinny enough for vava-voom teen roles- they found a place for her paired with Boy Teen Hearthrob- Mickey Rooney. On a grueling filming schedule, and physically curving out they also put her on amphetamines to give her energy and help her get thin, and sleeping pills to counteract those. (We all know this doesn’t end well, right?)

At the age of 16 she was cast in the role of Dorothy.(And we all know how that worked out, too, right?)

After Oz, Judy went on to make many more musicals and her own life became more dramatic than any film. First married at 19 to band leader, David Rose-that marriage ended three years later when she fell for film director Vincent Minelli. That marriage lasted for one child (Liza) and about six years. By 30 she was twice divorced, was becoming known as being unreliable and dropped by MGM.

A third marriage to producer Sid Luft, two more children (Lorna and Joey) and a career touring as a stage act followed. She did make a few more movies, had a short lived television variety show, a very bitter divorce, two more marriages before financial financial troubles really set in. On June 22nd 1969 while in London she died of an accidental drug overdose.

She was only 47.

Judy Garland

Billie Burke

(Deep breath) Mary William Ethelbert Appleton Burke was born on August 7th, 1884 in Washington, DC. Her father was a circus clown (no, really, he was!) and she spent a great deal of her childhood traveling with the circus…really! We know, cool.  At 18 her family settled in London where she made her stage debut as an actress. By age 22 she was on Broadway. Shortly after that, Hollywood was calling and she answered. She decided that she preferred stage work and headed back to New York.

Billie Burke in Vanity Fair, 1920

It was there that she met her husband, show producer, Florenz Ziegfeld. Marriage and one child followed, but the family was plummeted into financial difficulties during the Crash of ’29. Within three years, Flo would be dead and Billie was back in movies to support her and her daughter, Patricia. (For more on Flo Ziegfeld and his show, see this post by our friends, The Bowery Boys)

Billie was usually type-cast as an upper class ditz with a high-pitched voice. She mostly appeared in comedies and musicals and in 1938- at the age of 54 we might add- she was cast to play Glinda, the good witch.

Billie at age 69…we all should age this well! Such natural beauty.

After Oz her career really didn’t slow down much. She would ultimately make over 80 movies,, have her own radio and television shows, and appear in stage productions. She retired from acting in 1960, and died from natural causes on May 14th, 1979 at the age of 85.

Margaret Hamilton

Margaret Brainard Hamilton was born on December 9th, 1902 in Cleveland, Ohio. She attended an all-girls school and while she made her stage debut at 18, her parents insisted that she go to college. After college she became a kindergarten teacher, married and had one son…this life doesn’t really sound like the life of a movie star, does it? She did begin her acting career on the New York stage, but once she divorced her husband and was left to raise her son alone she kicked that acting career into overdrive.

A youngish Maggie

As a character actress, Margaret thought that she stood a better chance of getting work if she didn’t sign with one studio. Instead she made a very nice living traveling between them all and asking for weekly wages. When she was cast in Oz, she was guaranteed six weeks work…which turned into 23!

Her post Oz career included radio shows, television shows, a soap opera, and a very long run as the spokesperson for a coffee company. She was a lifelong supporter of education, made over 70 films and appeared in almost as many stage productions.

Margaret Hamilton, nothing like the witch…not one bit.

Following a heart attack, Margaret died in her sleep at the age of 82 on May 16th, 1985.

For media and book links to all things Oz, please see the shownotes from the Episode 37: The Wizard of Oz

As always, music comes courtesy of Music Alley, visit them at

Episode 131: Seven Women Revisited

Posted 22 July 2019 by
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We’re revisiting seven colorful women and two of them are the most requested women…that we’ve already covered. We get asked a lot, “Can you cover Hedy Lamarr or Judy Garland?” Our answer? “We did back in 2015 and 2013 respectively.” We’ll also tell you the stories of five other women who are connected to each other in different ways: Josephine Cochrane, Melitta Bentz, Mary Phelps Jacob, Billie Burke, and Margaret Hamilton. Now that’s a dinner party guest list!


Episode 49: The Women of Gone With The Wind

Posted 29 September 2014 by
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Once a season we obsess over a subject for our Fictional Episode and this time we let ourselves be carried away with Gone With The Wind. The epic book and movie is only part of the story of a free-spirited, rebellious, creative and unconventional Southern woman and the novel that she wrote of  Southern life during the American Civil War and Reconstruction periods.

pre-release poster framed

A talk about Gone With The Wind would be hollow without spending a great deal of time looking at the life of the creator of this classic, Margaret Mitchell. You can listen to the podcast episode for all the juicy bits- but here is the nickel version:

Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell was born November 9, 1900 in Atlanta, Georgia. Except for a brief stint at Smith College in Massachusetts, Atlanta was her lifelong home.

Margaret Mitchell with a fabulous hat...and a cat. (courtesy Media Services News)

Margaret Mitchell with a fabulous hat…and a cat. (courtesy Media Services News)

The only daughter of Eugene, a lawyer, and May Belle, a suffragist, Margaret’s childhood was filled with days running with the boys, riding horses, reading and writing stories. Much of her time was spent at the knees of her extended family who talked (and talked) tales of life during the War Between the States. She was, as the proper ladies say, a “very spirited child” who grew to  become a very spirited woman. Her mother died during the Spanish Flu epidemic and her first fiance was killed in World War I shortly before Margaret was presented to society.

In true heroine and debutante fashion she partied through her pain and plowed through her social season in a big and bold manner. She wore a revealing dress for her formal portraits and performed a blackball-from-the-Junior League-worthy scandalous dance at a talent show; she was the darling of the society page and the sweetheart of many a beau.


Daring dress? Ah, how times have changed.

Daring dress? Ah, how times have changed.

Here is a version of the Apache Dance (with Ray Boldger who was starring across town as the Scarecrow in The Wizard of Oz during the filming of GWTW -love it when our subject’s stories converge). Warning before you hit play: It is quite a violent dance.

But every Party Girl needs to hang up her dance card at some point, and Peggy chose from her field of suitors Red Upshaw…for reasons that we just can’t quite wrap our heads around. He was dashing but had no job, no prospects and was physically abusive to her. The silver lining of this marriage is that Peggy went to work as a journalist so that the couple could have some income. Journalism she loved, Red she did not and the marriage ended in divorce within a couple of years. She turned right around and married the Best Man from her first wedding, John Marsh (and they did live happily ever after).

"The dump" where Margaret and John lived and she wrote her one published novel.

“The dump” where Margaret and John lived and she wrote Gone with the Wind.

While  recuperating from an injury, Peggy quickly wrote a rough draft of a novel: the story of Pansy O’Hara, a strong and determined survivor of the Civil War. She puttered around with the manuscript for many years, keeping it in envelopes stuffed around her apartment and talking very little about it to her friends who would tease her about writing the Great American Novel.

Our friends know us so well, don’t they?

One day an editor from Macmillan Publishing came to Atlanta on a scouting mission. Fueled by derogatory comments flipped by a snotty writer, Peggy gave the editor her sloppy manuscript. It was a hot mess, but it was a brilliant hot mess! The romance between a morally questionable but properly raised heroine (whose name was changed to Scarlett) and a dashing Rhett Butler that skimmed over the true grit as well as the reasons for the the Civil War was an instant hit!

Very soon Hollywood came calling. Within three years of the novel’s publication Gone with the Wind was the winner of a Pulitzer Prize and a movie that is still capturing our attention 75 years later. While she couldn’t avoid the fame that the novel generated, Margaret Mitchell did everything in her power to distance herself from the movie making. It was probably best, the production – led by David O. Selznick- was as wild as Scarlett and Rhett’s buggy ride through a burning Atlanta. (Oh, the tales we tell! You really should be listening to the podcast.)

gwtw prank

Vivien Leigh and Olivia DeHavilland pranking on the set. Yes, reading that novel is hard work and laborious just just to lift it!

At the movie’s premier (in Atlanta, natch) Margaret let the spotlight shine on her momentarily, and very soon the United States entered World War II. Margaret had the time and means to volunteer and lend her name to philanthropic endeavors including the funding of several black students of Morehouse College through medical school.

The Atlanta premier drew QUITE a crowd! (Courtesy Margaret Mitchell House)

The Atlanta premier drew QUITE a crowd! (Courtesy Margaret Mitchell House)

On August 11, 1949 as she and John were going to a movie on her beloved Peachtree Street, Margaret was struck by a drunk driver. She never regained consciousness and died five days later at the age of 48.

Courtesy Atlanta History Center Tumblr

Courtesy Atlanta History Center Tumblr

She never wrote a second novel, but that first one was all she needed. Many have attempted to imitate, but without Margaret Mitchell the world never really will know if Scarlett managed to recapture the heart of Rhett and live happily ever after in Tara.



Fiddle dee dee, you want to learn more about the book, movie and life of Margaret Mitchell? Why, we have a few places for you to start:

Go tour “The Dump” that is now the Margaret Mitchell House, a lovely museum dedicated to Atlanta history!

Tours of “Tara”: Peter Bonner’s website and his facebook page to help save what is left of the movie Tara…and is sitting in a barn in Georgia right now.

This post on this site and this post on this one  with give you a nice rundown of GWTW references in The Simpson’s (we can not make this stuff up, People).

Want something a little more, oh, colorful? How about learning the history of Technicolor? (LOTS of other information on this site for movie buffs. You guys might want to plan a long trip down a rabbit hole.)

The University of Texas at Austin has both a physical exhibit for those fortunate enough to be in Austin, and an online exhibit for the rest of us.

Books? We have a few:



By Darden Ashbury Hametz

On the Road to Tara, by Aljean Hametz

On the Road to Tara, by Aljean Hametz

Fun and fast trivia, by Pauline Bartel

Fun and fast trivia, by Pauline Bartel


A new book, “The Making of Gone With the Wind” by Steve Wilson will be published in September (2014), but here is a peek at some really fabulous images from it.

Almost as much of a classic as the original movie itself. Almost. 

You want to watch the bunny version. You know you do, it’s okay, we watched it over and over.

Beckett’s fabulous GWTW Pinterest board. 



As always, music comes courtesy of Music Alley, visit them at

Episode 37: The Wizard of Oz

Posted 8 March 2013 by
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Once a season we step away from factual subjects and focus on a fictional one. This season we traveled to the land of Oz and took a look around.

“But Chicks,” you say,”a Wizard is a man.”

To that we respond: Thank you for pointing this out. Yes, the Wizard is a man, and L. Frank Baum is a man…but Oz is full of women! Dorothy! Glinda! Ozma! Oz is a land of female rulers and strong charactered inhabitants- how could we not talk about it? (Besides, we like fantasy, okay? And there are several points in the Six Degrees of History Chicks Separation game with this subject.  Just trust us.)

W.W. Denslow illustration from The Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum

We’re sure several images popped into your head when you saw the title, and we will cover most of them in this episode…except three: Judy Garland, Billie Burke and Margaret Hamilton. We decided to have a separate conversation about the lives of the three female stars of the 1939 movie . That chat will be posted as a companion minicast .

In 1900 L. Frank Baum introduced the world to the imaginary land of Oz. It wasn’t the first children’s book that he had written-but it would become a series that he would work on for the rest of his life that is full of characters, settings and storylines that are still being explored today.

Born in 1856 in  Chittenango, New York, Lyman Frank Baum was the son of a barrel maker and occupational experimenter who struck it rich in the oil business- Benjamin Baum and his wife, Cynthia Stanton Baum. Frank was a sick child with a weak heart but a big imagination. He also had the gift of very indulgent parents.

Aside from a short stint at Peekskill Military Academy (where there was, literally, a yellow brick road), Frank was educated at home by tutors and  parents who helped him peruse any interests he had. When he took an interest in the printing process, his parents bought him a home printing press. Later when he took an interest in acting, they got him a theater.

Franks brief experience in a military school…not exactly his thing

Once grown, he began touring with an acting company until he met Maud Gage- daughter of Elizabeth Cady Stanton’s co-author Matilda Jocelyn Gage. Love. Within a year they were married, and when she became pregnant with the first of four sons, the acting life ended and Frank the dreamer needed to become Frank the supporter.

He did not find success as a chicken breeder, store owner, newspaper man, or traveling salesman. One day he wrote out the Mother Goose rhymes that he had been sharing with his sons and they became his first book- Mother Goose in Prose. His second was a spin-off of that one, Father Goose: His Book.

Shortly after these two successes, he wrote down the stories he had been telling his sons and the neighborhood kids about a little girl named Dorothy in a magical land named Oz. With clever illustrations by W.W. Denslow, The Wizard of Oz was a hit.

Frank brought the story to the theater with a stage version ( although the adult cast wasn’t exactly what he had in mind when he wrote the story), and this also was a success. While he had no interest in writing another Oz book, he did have an interest in putting food on the table for his family. Frank Baum was an imaginative writer, but a businessman he was not and he would earn and lose his wealth many times over the years. Within four years of the first Oz book he was publishing a second. He would write 13 sequels to the original story (including our favorite- Ozma of Oz).

Shh, don’t tell the others, but this is our favorite

But that’s not all! Frank wrote several books and plays under pseudonyms and several of those were women’s names- the most successful being a series for teenage girls, Aunt Jane’s Nieces, under the pen name, Edyth Van Dyne.

L. Frank Baum circa 1911

Frank Baum died on May 6th, 1919 at the age of 92. His last book, Glinda of Oz,  was published posthumously a year later.

But the Oz books couldn’t end! Not only was the world enthralled with the story, it was making some serious coin for its publishers. After Frank’s death another 36 books would be written by a variety of authors making up what is considered the official 40 book Oz series.

About 38 years down the yellow brick road technology caught up with the stories. After Walt Disney scored big time with Snow White, movie makers were looking for the next big fairy tale and MGM landed Oz. We geek out about the making of this iconic movie for quite a while during the podcast. We chat about trivia as well as the differences between the movie and the beloved books (Like the shoes: Dorothy originally was gifted a pair of silver shoes, but red showed up so much nicer in Technicolor.)

2.6 million dollars, five directors, scores of writers, two Tin Man actors, and a shooting schedule that stretched from 6 weeks to 23 The Wizard of Oz finally opened…

Not the first technicolor movie by a long shot and didn’t follow the books exactly (and we cover those differences in the podcast), 1939 MGM movie poster

…and didn’t quite do as well at the box-office as you would have expected. While this film lasts on mostly due to annual televised showings beginning in the mid 1950’s- the movie wasn’t a flop by any standard, but it did originally fail to be a financial success. The movie did win two Academy Awards as well as a special award for 16 year-old Judy Garland.


So you really don’t want to read all the books in the Oz series, we get that- 40 is a lot of books. Here is a really fun shortcut to the plots and characters of each book as well as all the original cover art to them. Maybe after you read these reviews you will give in and get one of the books. And another. And another. Hey, fantasy series are all the rage these days- there is a reason and Oz started them all. Mari Ness on TOR.COM

Other than the books in the Oz series, we didn’t have a lot of recommendations for this episode. We  think that the Annotated Wizard of Oz was pretty terrific, as well as the Wicked Years series by Gregory McGuire and Was by Geoff Ryman (very dark, but very good).

Annotated Wizard of Oz edited by Michael Patrick Hearn

Was by, Geoff Ryman

The Wicked Series by Gregory Maguire (also available on and you can get a free book just by clicking the link to the far right, no, up higher…just sayin’)

And as far as movies go, get thee to the library and borrow the 3 -disc Collector’s Edition of the 1939 movie! So many special features you will be all Oz’d up in no time!

1978 brought a very interesting version of movie (it had previously been an Tony award winning Broadway play) The Wiz starring Diana Ross and Michael Jackson. Make your own judgement if it’s destined for Cult Movie Classic status or not.

1978 musical The Wiz

You can catch Tin Man, the Sci-Fi channel mini-series starring Zooey Deschenel, streaming on Netflix and decide if you think it’s good (and forgive Zooey for this one) like Susan, or if you can’t get past the first episode like Beckett.

Classic Oz touches sprinkled through story in semi Once Upon a Time style

Join in the serious business at the International Wizard of Oz Clubs, or join some chat with the Royal Historians and all at The Royal Website of Oz.

The Studio 360 podcast episode “American Icons: The Wizard of Oz” can be found here, or on ITunes: Studio 360

Want to read the rest of the Evil Overlord list? Find it here: The Evil Overlord List

Investigate your name’s popularity over time at The Baby Name Wizard (warning! It’s addictive!): Baby Name Wizard

Finally, there are a pair of the Ruby Slippers Judy Garland wore in the movie at the Smithsonian, but if you are looking for an Oz museum as you cross Kansas, here is one in Wamego, Kansas ( just  east of Manhattan). We have not been, but if you have let us know how it is in the comments!

On display in Washington, one pair of the movie ruby slippers

As always, our music comes courtesy of Music Alley. Visit them at
(closing song – If I Only Had a Brain by Elijah Tucker)

Episode 182: Marjorie Merriweather Post, Part Two

Posted 25 June 2021 by
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Portrait of Marjorie that hangs in the Marjorie Merriweather Post parlor in the Women’s Democratic Club in Washington, DC. (If you donate enough money to refurbish and furnish a mansion, you get a room named after you.) photo credit, us

When we left Marjorie, she was on her second marriage, this one to E.F. Hutton, and they were moving and shaking up New York and Palm Beach society. Marjorie had “strongly suggested” that the Postum Company should buy a new frozen food company, owned by one Clarence Birdseye, despite most homes and grocery stores not having freezers– and she had begun work on a very unique home in Palm Beach she named Mar a Lago. (more…)

Episode 113: Jane Addams Part 2

Posted 14 October 2018 by
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When we left Jane in part one, she and her friend Ellen Gates Starr had just opened Hull House. The Settlement movement in the US was about to take off, and in Chicago the community was embracing the work being done by Jane, Ellen and the many women like them that came to share their time and talents by settling in the impoverished, immigrant community and working together with neighbors to provide social services. (more…)

Episode 83: Lucille Ball, Part Two

Posted 28 January 2017 by
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In Part One, Lucille Ball worked her way up the entertainment ladder, married, had a baby and launched a new television show (which seems like enough for a full life,) but Lucille’s life was about to get MUCH fuller.


After I Love Lucy debuted in 1951, Lucille rapidly achieved the superstar status that she had worked over half her life for. (And for those of you looking for inspiration from women of experienced age…she was 40 when the show began AND when she had her first child.) You wanted the lyrics to the theme song so you could sing along, right? (more…)

Our Reasons to Vote, 1880

Posted 8 November 2016 by
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In 1880, forty years before the passing of the 19th Amendment, suffragists were fighting for the right of women to vote. One of the “reasons” given by their opponents was that women don’t WANT to vote. Matilda Joslyn Gage, wasn’t buying into that. As owner and editor of the pro-woman suffrage newspaper, The National Citizen and Ballot Box she was in a position to not only ask women, but to publish their responses.

She asked.

She was overwhelmed with responses.

She printed select ones. 136 years later, the folks from Words from Us organized a project to reprint them. We are proud to show you some of the responses from Kansas and Missouri–the states we call home. Individually these voices from the past are touching, all together they are a loud, powerful, collective voice from the past. Please visit Words From Friends to find links to the state you call home, or to the entire country.

women-vote-aper-ksuseThe work of reading these thousands of postals and letters and selecting from among them for publication, has required the labor of two persons over two weeks, and a portion of this time three persons were engaged upon it. Although but comparatively a small portion of them has been given, they form a very remarkable, unique, instructive and valuable addition to the literature and history of woman suffrage.

They not only show the growth of liberty in the hearts of women, but they point out the causes of this growth. Each letter, each postal, carries its own tale of tyrannous oppression, and each woman who reads, will find her courage and her convictions strengthened. Let every woman who receives this paper religiously preserve it for future reference. Let those who say that women do not want to vote, look at the unanimity with which women in each and every state, declare that they do wish to vote,—that they are oppressed because they cannot vote—that they deem themselves capable of making the laws by which they are governed, and of ruling themselves in every way.

These letters are warm from the heart, but they tell tales of injustice and wrong that chill the reader’s blood. They show a growing tendency among women to right their own wrongs, as women have ofttimes in ages before chosen their own ways to do. Greece with its tales of Medea and Clytemnestra; Rome and the remembrance of Tofania and her famous water; southern France of more modern times all carry warning to legal domestic tyrants.


Matilda Joslyn Gage


Most certainly I wish to vote . I have been a tax-payer in a small way for years, and living as I do, in a small whiskey village, how gladly would I lend my aid to put down vice and ignorance.—Mrs. M. Wheeler Radway Silver Lake

We, the undersigned, wish to vote thinking it will be for the benefit of mankind and womankind,—Mrs. F. Johnmiller, Miss E. Johnmiller.— Centralia

Lincoln which has a flourishing woman suffrage society, reports quite fully, though but few cards can find room and most of those must be abreviated.

Yes I want to vote . I am a school teacher, am teaching now. My reasons for desiring to vote are several, 1st, I am taxed but unpresented. 2d, I want to vote for prohibition. Many more would send postals but they do not know of it, few of the papers edited by men will publish the call.—Edith Shoemaker

I have been taught to believe that the right of self-government is the birthright of every American citizen and that to be deprived of that right constitutes political slavery. Being an American citizen and having no part or lot in the government to whose laws I am subject, except that if I trespass I am tried and punished by them, to which women must contribute their full share in taxes. I therefore most earnestly desire the right of suffrage for myself and all other women.—Sarah D. Mathews

Susan E. Wattles says, “ I want the right to vote . I want the Republicans to be the party that shows justice to woman.”

Because I am taxed without my consent on property earned by myself, to support a government which I have no voice in making or administering; taxed to defray the expenses for crimes caused by intemperance and other vices, which women with the ballot could and would prevent and because I am not satisfied to be classed with criminals, paupers, idiots and lunatics. And for every reason for which men prize the ballot do I prize and desire the enfranchisement of myself and all other women, citizens of the United States, and for this I shall petition and pray till it is accomplished. —Anna C. Waite

You ask me, you ask all women who want to vote so say so. I answer yes, I am the mother of boys and girls and I desire and ask that my daughters may share the same privileges and protection that my sons enjoy. As they never can while women are disfranchised I ask the ballot for myself and all other women citizens.—Mary E. Runnals

Yes, I do want to vote as any sane woman in Kansas does, for we could carry the State for prohibition this fall.—Eliza Miller

I send this card stating the reasons why I wish to vote . That I may assist in doing away with intemperance and other evils that must be legislated away. To assist in sending men and women to Congress that cannot be bought, that will work for the interest of humanity at large.—Mrs. Eliza J. Christie

Every woman in Kansas who knows what she is about wants to vote for the constitutional amendment this fall and put all intoxicating liquors so far out of our State that the liquor dealers, “will fold their tents and steal silently away.” Try and do work enough for those of us who cannot be present. God grant that you may influence Republicans to do justice to women. —Sarah M. Long

Yes, I want to vote , and doubly so shall this fall as we could carry the State of Kansas for prohibition. The temperance men of this State would vote for woman suffrage almost to a man, they realize that what God said when he created woman is no less true now than it was then, “It is not good for man to be alone.—Emily J. Biggs

I want to vote . I am a free born American citizen, and have always been a law abiding citizen, but have never had the privilege of a citizen. I have seen it stated that there are fifteen millions American citizens now deprived of the right of franchise, and for what ? Simply because we are called women. I wish we could have been called by some other name so we could have the same rights that others enjoy. Yours for equal rights.—J. E. Wilson, Odell

I want you to tell the world that there are women here in Kansas who earn money, pay taxes and claim the right to vote which inheres in the citizen.—Mattie Snodgrass

We wish to vote , and we wish it because we believe it to be right.—Mayard Hill, Sallie Hill, Alice Hill, Morehead

We, realizing the need our country has for woman’s judgment and help, unite our voices with the many others working for the ballot. Mrs. Lizzie Nealy, Miss G. F. Stickney, P. M., Collyer

Our government will utterly perish in its own corruption, unless women are allowed to vote and in that way come to its rescue.—H. E. Frost, La Cygne

I am with you heart and soul. When, oh! when will government learn to be just ? I am taxed to help support that government in which I am allowed no voice, for no other reason only because I chance to be a woman. It is tyranny, nothing more and nothing less. I demand my right to the ballot as a citizen of the United States, and a tax payer for the last forty years of my life. And the churches, what can be said of them! I have been a member of the church for over forty years and I think have done as much, according to my means, to support the church as any one. They are building a church in our place; they called on me for help. I told them the church had got the last dollar out of me they ever would, until they learned there was neither Jew nor Greek, neither bond or free, neither male or female, but all were on equality. Yours in the cause of justice.—Leonora Bigelow Van Brunt, Westmoreland

Would to God all women could have the right of suffrage, there would be less frand in these United States if they could. Mrs. S. J. Kellogg, Wichita 



Missouri with its test woman suffrage case of Mrs. Minor, showing the rank injustice of the Republican party to woman and its falsehood to its own principles of nationality sent many names to the Mass Meeting, of women desiring to vote , some three hundred or more coming from St. Louis.

Oregon, Holt County, possesses an active woman suffrage society, as the following six selections show.

I do know that I want to vote and that I believe I am born the equal of man in every respect, and if so am certainly entitled to all his privileges, so here is my protest against a one-sided government.— Lucy S. Kancher, Oregon

Taxation without representation is oppression; nothing short of equal rights will satisfy Kate G. Holtz, Oregon

American liberty is a farce while half the American citizens are yet in bondage. —Stella M. Goslin.— Oregon

To the Womans Mass Meeting: I want to vote on educational and temperance questions and for the President of the United States and all other officers. Being a native American, over twenty-one years of age. I want all the civil and political rights that any male citizen exercises in order to protect myself from unequal, unjust laws and my property from illegal taxation. May your efforts be crowned with success.—A. K. Irvine

Yes, but I do want to vote , I am of age, am a widow and have to pay heavy taxes every year. I don’t believe in taxation without representation. Its a little too thin for my children to represent their mother, they will have quite enough to do, if they take care of and represent themselves. I wish to vote on all questions that the male citizens have the privilege of voting upon, or if I am no citizen I wish to be released from paying any more taxes.—Kate Schatz

I wish to vote because I am a free born American citizen, a tax-payer without representation which is tyranny.—Sarah Q. Goslin, Oregon

My sympathies are in every movement for the up-building of woman’s rights and for the destruction of all institutions, whether human or divine, in its attempt to underrate or degrade our sex more. The subjugation by the politician or religionist should be met with an increasing warfare. Hannah Z. Brown, Shelbina

May the God of battles unite you in one solid phalanx against tryanny.—Rebecca S. O. Hunnicutt, Lee Summit

In the spirit of my forefathers who rebelled against taxation without representation, I too, claim a voice in the selection of the a national, State, municipal councils.— Elizabeth S. Sanderson.— Sulphur Springs

Man legislates and licenses until we are fast becoming a nation of drunkards, and thinking people are beginning to see if this hydra-headed demon of intemperance is ever subdued, woman must have a voice in legislation. Women are beginning to see that trying to pray the evil away, while men slip around and vote for license is not quite consistent. God speed the day when woman’s right to the ballot will be acknowledged and until that day let us never cease our remonstrances. Never ! never! never ! Mrs. Josephine B. Humphrey, Breckenridge

I do most earnestly desire the right of franchise, not alone for my own personal satisfaction but because I believe it necessary for the safely and prosperity of our government that women be allowed to exercise the privilege which rightfully belongs to her.—Mrs. Ida F. Burr. The following wish their names added, Miss Jennie Burrows, Mrs. Wm. Limms, Mrs. Mattie Bearden, Princeton

Matilda Joslyn Gage

Matilda Joslyn Gage

To learn more about Matilda Joslyn Gage (other than she was L. Frank Baum’s mother-in-law, we told you that already in the Wizard of Oz episode) head over to the Matilda Joslyn Gage Foundation.

ONE MORE TIME! To see responses from all across the US, visit Words From Us for links

Episode 78 : Shirley Chisholm

Posted 26 October 2016 by
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We wrap up our short series of “women who ran for the US Presidency before Hillary Clinton” with Shirley Chisholm!

Photo Credit: John O'Halloran, US News & World Report

Photo Credit: John O’Halloran, US News & World Report

Shirley St. Hill was born in 1924 in Brooklyn, NY to Charles and Ruby St. Hill. Her parents were both immigrants from the West Indies and they made a painful decision to send Shirley and two of her sisters to live their early youth on her grandmother’s farm in Barbados.

Shirley’s education was solid: prestigious Girl’s High in Brooklyn, Bachelors degree in Sociology with a minor in Spanish from Brooklyn College, Masters Degree in Early Childhood Education from Columbia… she was smart, she was quick, she was well spoken, well read and well, she had a dynamic personality wrapped in a very petite frame.


Episode 59: Lillian Gilbreth

Posted 28 November 2015 by
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Lillian Gilbreth should be remembered for any of her life accomplishments: psychologist, industrial engineer, author, inventor, and pioneer in the field of industrial psychology. From her collection of degrees to her equal partnership marriage to her work with Presidents and to the trailblazing example she set for us modern mothers…she should be remembered for a lot more than simply, “the mother on Cheaper by the Dozen”.

Let’s do something about that.


Lillian Gilbreth, circa 1920s, Frank and Lillian Gilbreth papers, MSP 7, Box 126, Folder 4, Courtesy Archives and Special Collections, Purdue University Libraries

Lillian Gilbreth, circa 1920s,   Courtesy Frank and Lillian Gilbreth papers, (MSP 7, Box 126, Folder 4)  Archives and Special Collections, Purdue University Libraries